ALL ABOUT TRACTORS MANUFACTURED IN INDIA
Tractors in India
are a major industry and contribute significantly to agricultural production.
In 1947, when India gained independence from the British Empire, the level of agricultural mechanization was low. Socialist oriented the five-year plans of the 1950s and 1960s to actively promote rural mechanization through cooperative activities and cooperation between local industrialists and international industrialists. Despite these efforts, local production of 4-wheel tractors grew slowly for the first three decades after independence. By the end of the 1980s, production was nearly 140,000 units per year and the prevalence rate was less than 2 per 1,000 farmers.
After the 1991 economic reforms, the rate of change picked up and production reached 270,000 per year by the end of the 1990s. In the early 2000s, India overtook the United States as the world’s largest producer of four-wheel tractors. The FAO estimated in 1999 that India’s total agricultural area accounted for less than 50 percent of mechanized land preparation, indicating great potential for agricultural mechanization.
In 2013, India produced 619,000 tractors, 29% of global production, as the world’s largest tractor producer and market. Currently, there are 16 domestic and 4 multinational corporations manufacturing tractors in India.
HISTORY OF TRACTORS IN INDIA
India’s first tractors
The first tractors in India were purchased during the wars in the mid-1940s. When India gained independence in 1947, several tractor companies sprang up. In the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s the tractor industry was largely developed in India. The Indian government’s five-year plans focused on the development of agricultural mechanization. Tractors became one of the types of agricultural machinery that received special support from the government.
Companies such as Eicher , TAFE , Escorts , M&M appeared in India in the 60s. By the end of the 60’s there were already about 146 thousand units operating in the country. The 70s and 80s era was characterized by the diversification of the tractor industry. Tractors were imported from the USSR and Eastern Bloc neighbors. HMT began manufacturing tractors in India in 1972.
In the 1980s and 1990s, the tractor industry went through many global conflicts. State-owned companies like Haryana Tractors and Punjab Tractors and others emerged.
In 1998, New Holland Tractors came to India. The company invested $75 million to supply 70p tractors. Larsen and Tubro formed a joint venture with world leader John Deere.
Since the 1990s, Indian industry has expanded significantly within the country, reaching southern and eastern India. India now has nearly 29% of the world’s tractor fleet.
Gujarat Tractors Limited
Gujarat Tractors, formed in 1959, is now called Mahindra Gujarat Tractors Limited Company, as it has been owned by the Mahindra Group since 2001. The company currently manufactures 30-60 hp tractors.
John Deere in India
John Deere Tractor manufactures several different models of tractors from 35 to 89 hp. It is also one of the leading exporters. Formerly in a joint venture with L&T, John Deere now operates individually as John Deere India Private limited. It now manufactures Pune and Devas 5000 series tractors.
Mahindra and International Harvester JV
M&M and International Harvester have been working together since 1963. The Mahindra Group has the rights to produce the B-275 model. The company now sells about 200,000 tractors annually. It also owns the Swaraja brand of tractors.
New Holland Agriculture.
New Holland Agriculture has a factory in Greater Noida, India. It manufactures different types of tractors and has a good global presence through operations in India. The company started its venture in India in 1996. To date, tractor sales across the country are more than 2.5 lakh.
Sonalika Tractors originated when ILT merged with Renault Agriculture. Previously, International Tractors Limited manufactured tractors developed by CMERI. Currently, tractors from 18 to 120 hp are produced. The company also produces Renault CERES from 60 to 90 hp. Yanmar has bought a large share in Sonalika.
The Escort Group initially produced Ford tractors in 1971. By 1975-80, there was a dramatic increase in production, which grew to 33,000 in 1975 and 75,000 in 1980. Ford went out of business in 1992, but the name was used up. until 2000. Ford models are developed only under the Escort brand. The brand names used for tractors are Powertrac and Farmtrac. Tractors currently in production range from 8 to 75 hp.
The full form of TAFE is Tractors and Farm Equipment Limited (TAFE). This company was founded in 1961 to sell Massey Ferguson tractors in India. TAFE is also part of the Amalgamations Group and AGCO (American Agricultural Equipment Manufacturer). AGCO owns 24% of TAFE shares. Tractors are currently sold in India under the TAFE and Massey Ferguson brands. Exports are also made under both names.
In 1949, the Eicher GoodEarth company was founded in India. The company went into partnership with Herb. Eicher. Eicher is the pioneer of the fully integrated tractor in India. Tractors have been available to the public since 1987. Eicher Motors sold the tractor business to TAFE in 2005.
Tractors are vital to a country like India, where most people depend on agriculture. Tractors have played a key role in the country’s development and will continue to take pride as India consolidates its place as a world power.